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APA, MLA, and Other Citation Styles: MLA 7th Edition

Learn how to cite and structure your paper using APA, MLA, and other styles. Includes real world examples of citing articles, annotated bibliographies, references/sources lists, videos and websites, and plagiarism.

Overview

MLA (Modern Language Association) - common in the humanities, especially History, Philosophy, Literature, Art, Music, and more. There are two editions: 7th and 8th.

Consult your instructor which edition he or she prefers, although it is better to use the more recent 8th Edition.

Books on MLA 7th

Format & Examples

Citation Format for In-Text Citations

For quoting somebody else's work, you must use parenthetical citations, which is giving credit of the originator of the source in parentheses. Generally, you must include the author(s) last name(s) and page number(s).

  • "According to Hernandez, in preparing to work with the students at risk, establishing an environment of open communication from the first day is critical (8)"

OR

  • "In preparing to work with the students at risk, establishing an environment of open communication from the first day is critical (Hernandez 8)."

Common examples of citation formats for Works Cited/Bibliographies

At the end of your paper in MLA format, you must have a Works Cited list or Bibliography, listing your citations in alphabetical order. Be sure to indent the 2nd line and beyond.

Resource Format Citation Format Example
Book Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. City: Publisher, Year. Format.

Hernandez, Paul. The Pedagogy of Real Talk: Engaging, Teaching, and Connecting with Students at Risk. Thousand Oaks, California: Corwin, 2016. Print.

eBook Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. City: Publisher, Year. Format.

Szymanski, Stephan. Money and Soccer: a Soccernomics Guide. 2015. Retrieved from https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/iun/detail.action?docID=2039750 eBook.

Journal Article Lastname, Firstname. "Title of article." Title of Journal. volumenumber.issuenumber (year): pp. Name of Database. Format. While, Geoffrey M., & Uller, Tobias. "Quo vadis amphibia? Global warming and breeding phenology in frogs, toads and salamanders." Ecography 37.10 (2014): 921-929. EBSCOHost. Web.
Newspaper article Lastname, Firstname. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Newspaper. Collins, James P. (June 2004). "Where Have All the Frogs Gone? (Cover story)" Natural History. Print.

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