Need help with your research? Contact a reference librarian!
In-Person: John W. Anderson Library/Conference Center
Phone: (219) 980-6582
MLA (Modern Language Association) - common in the humanities, especially History, Philosophy, Literature, Art, Music, and more. There are two editions: 7th and 8th.
Consult your instructor which edition he or she prefers, although it is better to use the more recent 8th Edition.
When creating a citation, you must use the Core Elements by number importance:
Note: Format (such as "Print" or "Web") is not included and is not necessary in the 8th edition.
Citation Format for In-Text Citations
For quoting somebody else's work, you must use parenthetical citations, which is giving credit of the originator of the source in parentheses. Generally, you must include the author(s) last name(s) and page number(s).
Common examples of citation formats for Works Cited/Bibliographies
At the end of your paper in MLA format, you must have a Works Cited list or Bibliography, listing your citations in alphabetical order. Be sure to indent the 2nd line and beyond.
|Resource Format||Citation Format||Example|
|Book||Use core elements||
Hernandez, Paul. The Pedagogy of Real Talk: Engaging, Teaching, and Connecting with Students at Risk. Corwin, 2016, Thousand Oaks, California.
|eBook||Use core elements||
Szymanski, Stephan. Money and Soccer: a Soccernomics Guide. ProQuest Ebook Central, Nation Books, 2015. ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/iun/detail.action?docID=2039750#
|Journal Article||Use core elements||While, Geoffrey M., & Uller, Tobias. "Quo vadis amphibia? Global warming and breeding phenology in frogs, toads and salamanders." Ecography, vol. 37, no. 10, 2014, pp. 921-929. EBSCOHost, proxynw.uits.iu.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edswsc&AN=000342613600001&site=eds-live. Accessed October 31, 2017.|
|Newspaper article||Use core elements||Bernstein, Richard. "Romania survives, but it falls behind in Europe." New York Times, 2003 September 21, p. N8, proxynw.uits.iu.edu/login?url=https://search.proquest.com/docview/92505825?accountid=11651 Accessed November 1, 2017|