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APA, MLA, and Other Citation Styles: APA

Learn how to cite and structure your paper using APA, MLA, and other styles. Includes real world examples of citing articles, annotated bibliographies, references/sources lists, videos and websites, and plagiarism.


APA (American Psychological Association) - use for classes in the social sciences, especially Psychology, Sociology, and Social Work.

Books on APA

Format & Examples

Citation Format for In-Text Citations

To quote another work to use in your paper, use in-text citations. You can either summarize or quote directly. You need 3 elements:

  1. Author's/authors' last name
  2. Year of publication
  3. (For direct quotes) Page number

...(Hernandez, 2016). - summarizing

"In preparing to work with the students at risk, establishing an environment of open communication from the first day is critical," (Hernandez, 2016, p. 8). - direct quote


Common examples of citation formats for Reference Lists/Bibliographies

At the end of your paper in APA format, you must have a Reference List or Bibliography, listing your citations in alphabetical order. Be sure to indent the 2nd line and beyond.

Resource Format Citation Format Example
Book Author, A. A. (Year). Title of work: Capital for subtitle. Location: Publisher. Hernandez, P. (2016). The pedagogy of real talk: Engaging, teaching, and connecting with students at risk. Thousand Oaks, California: Corwin.
eBook Author, A. A. (Year). Title of work: Capital for subtitle. Retrieved from URL Szymanski, S. (2015). Money and soccer: a soccernomics guide. Retrieved from
Journal Article Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number, pages. doi: While, G. M., & Uller, T. (2014). Quo vadis amphibia? Global warming and breeding phenology in frogs, toads and salamanders. Ecography, 37(10), 921-929. doi:10.1111/ecog.00521
Newspaper article Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Newspaper. Collins, J. P. (2004). Where Have All the Frogs Gone? (Cover story). Natural History, 113(5), 44-49.
YouTube videos Author or Screen Name. (Year, Month Day). Title of video [video file]. Title of YouTube Channel. Retrieved from URL

Montague, J. (2018, February 9). What is kafala? Qatar 2022 [video file]. Tifo Football. Retrieved from


Producer, Director, or Host Name. (Year, Month Date). Title of episode. Title of Podcast. Podcast retrieved from URL

NK News. (2018, April 30). Inter-Korean summit recap extravaganza. NKNews Podcast. Podcast retrieved from

TIP: Consult APA manual or a librarian for other formats (such as films, online videos, podcasts, etc.)

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