Guide to Using JAWS® for Windows®
Starting JAWS™ on the IU Northwest Anderson Library Adaptive Technology Center Computers
Log in with your IU username and password, or, if you are not a registered IU student, enter your User ID and password. New public users are required to get a User ID and password from the Circulation Desk. A public User ID is valid for a period of 90 days; after which the user is required to request a new User ID.
Click the Windows™ Logo Key . In Apps under Adaptive Software click JAWS™ 15.
Getting Help from JAWS
Keyboard Orientation for JAWS
On desktop computers, JAWS uses the Numeric Keypad to perform mouse simulations. The numeric keypad is located on the right hand side of your keyboard. To write numbers with the Numeric pad, you will need to turn Num Loc on; the Num Lock key is located on the upper left-hand corner of the numeric keypad.
Most JAWS keyboard commands use the Insert key plus a letter or function key. The insert key is located on the upper left row of the six-pack of keys between the normal keyboard and the numeric pad on desktop computers. On the laptop computers that are loaned out to students, usually Dell, the Insert key is the third key from the right on the top row of keys.
On desktop and laptop computers, functions keys F1 through F12 are located on the top row of your normal keyboard. From left to right, the keys are: Escape, F1, F2, F3, F4, F5, F6, F7, F8, F9, F10, F11, and F12. The function keys are used quite frequently; for example, pressing F1 will open the Help file for the currently-open application.
When you press the Windows Logo key, JAWS will say, "start menu" and, depending on which programs you have installed on your computer, might say, "programs, submenu." The Windows Logo keys are located on the bottom row of the keyboard, second of three keys, left and right from the spacebar, which is the long key.
The six-pack of keys, located above your arrow keys between the numeric keypad and the normal keyboard, is very useful for navigating. And is also where the Insert key is located. Starting at the top left, the keys are Insert, Home and Page Up. On the bottom left is Delete, End, and Page Down.
Cursor in JAWS
There are four cursors in JAWS: PC cursor, virtual PC cursor, Braille cursor and JAWS cursor. To activate the PC cursor, which is the primary cursor in JAWS used for menu navigation, dialog box navigation and text editing in a word processor or spreadsheet, press the Num Pad Plus key (Desktop) or Alt + Semicolon (Laptop). Activating the PC cursor is the same as turning off Forms Mode in an internet browser. Please see the paragraph about the virtual PC cursor below. It is not necessary to activate the PC cursor unless you have activated the JAWS cursor or the Virtual PC cursor.
To activate the JAWS cursor, press the Num Pad Minus key (Desktop) or Alt + P (Laptop). The Num Pad Minus key is located on the upper right corner of the numeric keypad. By default, JAWS uses a different speaking voice to announce that the JAWS cursor has been activated, and when you use the up- or down-arrow keys to navigate with the JAWS cursor, everything will be read with the JAWS cursor voice until you activate the PC cursor. The JAWS cursor is used for mouse simulations.
The Virtual PC cursor is only visible when using the internet. The Virtual PC cursor is activated when you press Enter to fill out a form on a website or search for something on Google, for example. To activate Forms Mode, press Enter when you hear JAWS say "edit." JAWS will say "forms mode on" when you can type the text you want to put in the edit field.
The Braille cursor is the blinking cursor that appears if 8 dot Braille is activated on a refreshable Braille display. You can control the movement of the Braille cursor with your Braille display.
Making Speech Adjustments
Adjust the Voice Rate Procedure
Note: JAWS says "dot, dot, dot" instead of ellipses.
Adjust Voice Uppercase Pitch Procedure
Using Voice Aliases
In the JAWS Configuration Manager, the Voice Aliases option allows you to choose different voices for certain instances of text, such as bold or quoted text; you can also use the "Web Rentacrowd" option, and JAWS will use different voices to denote links. To choose one of these aliases:
Adjusting Verbosity Settings
Here is a list of all the verbosity settings, along with brief descriptions:
User Verbosity: This setting has three levels: beginner, intermediate and advanced. The beginner level provides the most amount of spoken, detailed information, while intermediate and advanced provides less detail.
Spell Text: There are two levels of verbosity for this setting. If you choose Alphabetically, JAWS will spell text alphabetically; if you choose Phonetically, JAWS will say "alpha, bravo, etc."
Progress Bar Announcement: You can choose whether to have the progress bar announcement on or off. This setting is useful to have on when surfing the web, because it tells you how much of a web page is loaded.
Typing Echo: There are four levels of verbosity for this setting. If you choose the Both Characters and Words setting, JAWS will speak everything typed, including when you press the spacebar. If you choose the Words setting, JAWS won't speak until after you have typed a word and then pressed spacebar; JAWS will then recite the word. If you choose the setting for no typing echo, JAWS won't begin to speak until you use the arrow keys to read the line of text where your cursor is located.
Screen Echo: There are three levels of verbosity for this option: None, Highlighted, and All. If you choose All, when text on your computer screen changes, JAWS will announce that change. If you choose Highlighted, only highlighted text changes on your computer screen will be spoken. If you choose not to have any screen echo, JAWS will not speak any text changes on your screen that might occur.
Graphics Verbosity: There are three levels of verbosity for this option: All, Labeled and None. If you choose Labeled Graphics, JAWS will announce graphics that have been labeled with the graphics labeler. If you choose All Graphics, JAWS will announce labeled graphics if they have been labeled with the graphics labeler; if not, JAWS will assign a unique number to the graphics.
Language Detection: You can either turn this setting on or off. If it is on, whenever JAWS encounters words in Spanish, French, British English, Italian, German or Portuguese, JAWS will use that language voice to read that text.
Say All By: This setting has four verbosity levels and is used when pressing Insert + Down-Arrow, which is the JAWS Say All command. If you choose By Lines with Pauses, JAWS will pause for a moment at the end of the line of text it has just finished reading before moving to the next line. You can also choose By Line without Pauses, and JAWS will read smoothly. If you choose By Paragraph, JAWS will pause momentarily at the end of the paragraph that has just been read before proceeding to the next paragraph. If you choose By Sentence, JAWS will pause for a moment at the end of each sentence after it has been read.
Announce Caps During Say All: You can turn this setting on or off. When you press Insert + Down Arrow, JAWS will indicate single capitalized letters with the word "caps," and if there is a group of capitalized letters, JAWS will say "all caps."
Caps Indicated: There are four levels of verbosity for this setting, which is used to tell JAWS when you want to know about capitalized letters in the text you are reading. You can choose when reading by word, line, by character, or never.
Punctuation: this setting has four levels of verbosity-most, some, all, or none. If you choose most, the majority of punctuation marks will be announced by JAWS. If you choose None, JAWS won't announce any punctuation, but the voice inflection will indicate when a sentence starts, ends, when there is a question mark or an exclamation point.
Indentation Indication: This setting, which you can turn on or off, will announce indentation according to the rules you set in the Speech and Sounds Manager.
Synthesizer: When this setting is turned on, JAWS will use the speech synthesizer; if you have a Braille display, you can follow along as the text is being read aloud. If you have this setting turned off, you will not hear any speech; JAWS will be functioning, but you will need to use your Braille display instead of listening.
When you are using applications such as Windows Media Player or an internet browser, you may notice that JAWS will say "graphic" followed by a random number. You can use the graphics labeler to label these graphics so they make sense. You can either label a graphic manually or use the auto-labeler. You might need sighted assistance to determine how to label graphics properly.
To label a graphic manually, make sure you have All Graphics turned on in the JAWS verbosity settings. Then, you will want to practice labeling a graphic. To go to HJ-Pad to practice labeling a graphic:
Once you feel comfortable labeling graphics, you can find a graphic to label by first activating the JAWS cursor and then going to the toolbar in HJ-Pad, where there are quite a few unlabeled graphics. To do this, press Page-Up to move to the top of the window, and then the Home key to move to the top-left portion of the toolbar. When you use your arrow keys, you will hear JAWS say "graphic," followed by a number.
To manually label the graphic:
For information on the Speech and Sounds Manager, please see the link on the FAQ for JAWS Version 7.
Text Navigation Commands
Windows Shortcut Key Commands
For additional help, try the JAWS Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)